Community Health Assessment
The Community Health Assessment (CHA) was completed in July of 2016 and is a collaborative undertaking to highlight the health needs and well-being of residents in the Tri-County region. The Central Illinois Community Health Collaborative (CICHC) was created to engage the entire community in improving population health. Members of the CICHC include: Peoria City/County Health Department, Tazewell County Health Department, Woodford County Health Department, Kindred Hospital, Advocate Eureka Hospital, Hopedale Medical Complex, Pekin Hospital, Heart of Illinois United Way, Heartland Community Health Clinic and Bradley University, as well as OSF and Unity Point. Several themes are prevalent in this health-needs assessment – the demographic composition of the Tri-County region, the predictors for and prevalence of diseases, leading causes of mortality, accessibility to health services and healthy behaviors.
This study includes a detailed analysis of secondary data to assess information regarding the health status of the community. In order to perform these analyses, information was collected from numerous secondary sources, including publicly available sources as well as private sources of data.
Additionally, primary data were collected for the general population and the at-risk or economically disadvantaged population. Areas of investigation included perceptions of the community health issues, unhealthy behaviors, issues with quality of life, healthy behaviors and access to medical care, dental care, prescription medications and mental-health counseling. Additionally, demographic characteristics of respondents were utilized to provide insights into why certain segments of the population responded differently.
Ultimately, the identification and prioritization of the most important health-related issues in the Tri-County region were identified. Consideration was given to health needs based on: (1) magnitude of the issue (i.e., what percentage of the population was impacted by the issue); (2) severity of the issue in terms of its relationship with morbidities and mortalities; (3) potential impact through collaboration. Using a modified version of the Hanlon Method, two significant health needs were prioritized:
• Healthy behaviors – defined as active living and healthy eating, and their impact on obesity
• Mental health